Early Warning System for Predictable Disasters

Introduction

Every year around the same time (July- August) heavy and incessant downpours bring deadly floods across a large part of Nepal causing displacement and loss of lives and property in a massive scale. As of July 29th 2018, data form the Government of Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal compiled by Nepal in Data (an open data & statistics portal) shows that since 2013 there have been 1184 flood related deaths in Nepal, 67,124 families have been directly affected and the losses are estimated to be around 164 million USD. The details of which can be found at: https://nepalindata.com/insight/flood-related-incidents-2013-2018/.

Description

Project Interventions
The major objective of the project is to develop an effective early warning system, owned by the local government with a robust alert mechanism for an informed and effective response during the time of floods. The specific objectives of the project are: - To develop a system that links to and strengthens the Nepal Government’s system for early warning and alert. - To strengthen the capacity of local government, Local disaster risk management committees from municipalities and rural municipalities on the developed system. - To work in coordination with Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) which is the government agency mandated for early warning system initiatives, relevant river basin offices and other agencies working in EWS in the project area for linkage and ownership. The intervention will be installed in 4 major river systems in the 4 working districts strengthening the DHM’s existing early warning network these river systems have been identified working closely with the respective Districts Administration Offices and District Disaster Management Committees. The detailed map of the target river system can be found at: Rupandehi Kailali Morang Sunsari The project is divided into three different phases: - Phase I: System requirement analysis and context specific system design. - Phase II: Production, assembly and installation of the system. - Phase III: Monitoring and evaluation of the installed system and local level training for the operation and maintenance of the system. Phase 1 and the production as well as assembly of the system has been completed in about 10 weeks’ time.

Entry points for DRR
WVIN has been working closely with the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Nepal for the implementation of this system. DHM has provided assistance in selecting the river systems and has agreed to technically support WVIN in selecting the installation site in the respective rivers. Furthermore, the data obtained from the installed systems will be push into DHM’s server and early warning Dashboard via an API where it will add value to the nations existing early warning network. WVIN will also train the people at the local level about the basic operating procedure and maintenance of the system. This early warning component is one piece that contributes to the lager sets of activities being carried on by WVIN to contribute to the goal of making local government and communities resilient and actively prepared to respond approriately to save lives and reduce impact of disasters.

Good Practices/ Tools
- Despite be a locally sourced cost cutting Early warning system, it has been developed in consultation with the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology and all the sensors and devices used in the system adhere to the government standards.
- Has been designed to strengthen the government existing early warning network.
- Plug and play system that can be operated and maintained by the people at local level.

Three Key factors of success
-Owned by the local government.
-Strengthens the existing National Flood Early Warning System.
-Communities are empowered to act in sufficient time and in appropriate manner.

Contact Team

Ajay Maharjan
maharjan.ajay064@gmail.com